10-Step Self-Examination of Soul by St. Francis de Sales

10-Step Self-Examination of Soul by St. Francis de Sales

St. Francis de Sales (1567–1622) was an amazing man who gave up a life of comfort and wealth among the noble class to become a common priest. His quiet zeal drove him to trudge unsupported and alone through the Swiss countryside in an attempt to convert the heretical Calvinists back to the Catholic Church after the tumultuous Protestant revolt.

Holiness Is For Everyone

After St. Francis de Sales was ordained bishop of Geneva, Switzerland, he got serious about developing an interior life of holiness. That is, he got serious not just with being more pious, but intentionally worked on becoming a saint.

As a bishop, St. Francis de Sales believed that his role was to provide spiritual direction to his flock, so that’s what he did. He wrote a huge number of letters—giving spiritual advice to men and women—that were eventually collected into the famous book Introduction to the Devout Life.

This goal was remarkable because—during his day—such attempts at holiness were usually seen as being reserved for monks and nuns.

His advice includes such beloved phrases as this:

“Have patience with all things, but chiefly have patience with yourself. Do not lose courage in considering your own imperfections but instantly set about remedying them—every day begin the task anew.”   

St. Francis de Sales
Mosaic of St. Francis de Sales. Photo credit: Fr. Lawrence Lew, O.P.
Mosaic of St. Francis de Sales. Photo credit: Fr. Lawrence Lew, O.P.

He gave laypeople practical advice in plain language, helping them develop deep interior lives that they could nourish while fulfilling their daily duties. 

Here is a taste of Introduction to the Devout Life, from the chapter “Examination of the Soul’s Condition as regards God.”

Self-Examination by St. Francis de Sales

Woman Looking out of a Window by George Albert Thompson

1. What is the aspect of your heart with respect to mortal sin?

Are you firmly resolved never to commit it, let come what may? And have you kept that resolution from the time you first made it? Therein lies the foundation of the spiritual life.

2. What is your position with respect to the Commandments of God?

Are they acceptable, light and easy to you? He who has a good digestion and healthy appetite likes good food, and turns away from that which is bad.

3. How do you stand as regards venial sins?

No one can help committing some such occasionally; but are there none to which you have any special tendency, or worse still, any actual liking and clinging?

4. With respect to spiritual exercises—do you like and value them? or do they weary and vex you?

To which do you feel most or least disposed, hearing or reading God’s Word, meditating upon it, calling upon God, Confession, preparing for Communion and communicating, controlling your inclinations, etc.? What of all these is most repugnant to you? And if you find that your heart is not disposed to any of these things, examine into the cause, find out whence the disinclination comes.

5. With respect to God Himself—does your heart delight in thinking of God, does it crave after the sweetness thereof?

“I remembered Thine everlasting judgments, O Lord, and received comfort,” says David. Do you feel a certain readiness to love Him, and a definite inclination to enjoy His Love? Do you take pleasure in dwelling upon the Immensity, the Goodness, the Tenderness of God? When you are immersed in the occupations and vanities of this world, does the thought of God come across you as a welcome thing? do you accept it gladly, and yield yourself up to it, and your heart turn with a sort of yearning to Him? There are souls that do so.

6. If a wife has been long separated from her husband,

so soon as she sees him returning, and hears his voice, however cumbered she may be with business, or forcibly hindered by the pressure of circumstances, her heart knows no restraint, but turns at once from all else to think upon him she loves. So it is with souls which really love God, however engrossed they may be; when the thought of Him is brought before them, they forget all else for joy at feeling. His Dear Presence nigh, and this is a very good sign.

Thinking of God. Painting by John George.

7. With respect to Jesus Christ as God and Man—how does your heart draw to Him?

Honey bees seek their delight in their honey, but wasps hover over stinking carrion. Even so pious souls draw all their joy from Jesus Christ, and love Him with an exceeding sweet Love, but those who are careless find their pleasure in worldly vanities.

8. With respect to Our Lady, the Saints, and your Guardian Angel—do you love them well?

Do you rejoice in the sense of their guardianship? Do you take pleasure in their lives, their pictures, their memories?

9. As to your tongue—how do you speak of God?

Do you take pleasure in speaking His Praise, and singing His Glory in psalms and hymns?

10. As to actions—have you God’s visible glory at heart, and do you delight in doing whatever you can to honour Him?

Those who love God will love to adorn and beautify His House. Are you conscious of having ever given up anything you liked, or of renouncing anything for God’s Sake? for it is a good sign when we deprive ourselves of something we care for on behalf of those we love. What have you ever given up for the Love of God?

Stunning Catholic church with Holy, Holy, Holy sacred art

How About You?

Wow. In this excerpt we can truly see useful, practical advice for the average person who wants to develop a deeper spiritual union with God.

What do you think of St. Francis de Sales’s list? What came to your mind and heart as you read it? Are there ways in which you want to grow? That’s a beautiful thing!

May God fill you with grace as you strive to love Him more every day.

Do you find this spiritual examination as helpful as Catholics did in the 16th and 17th centuries?

Let us know with a comment below!